Rabbis of Žatec|Saaz

Dr. Abraham Frank (1867-1872)
Born February 22nd as the son of a scholar Salomon Frank in Oud-Beijerland (The Netherlands), he attended the Jewish Theological Seminary in Breslau and finished his university studies in Leipzig in 1863 by philosophical doctorate. His rabbinate certificate had been confirmed by several rabbis and by the Great Rabbi of Dresden and Leipzig, Wolf Landau. He had a great contribution to the establishment of Saaz synagogue, which was personally ordained by him on March 19th, 1872. October 4, 1872 Dr. Frank left Žatec and held rabbinical functions in Salzburg, Linz and Cologne. He was chairman of the Association of Jewish history and literature in Germany and devoted himself mainly to the presence of a practical life until his death in November 1917


Dr. Aron Baerwald (1881-1891)
Born on February 9th, 1854 in the Prussian town Nakel at the river Netze (today Nakło nad Notecią in Poland), he received instruction in the Talmud by his uncle and talmudist R. Hamburger. In Breslau (Prussia) he attended a Jewish theological seminary. In 1877 he graduated on the basis of their work „Flavius Josephus in Galilea“. In 1881, after graduating from rabbinical examen he became a rabbi in Saaz. He died aged 37 on January 3rd, 1891 there, and was buried on the Jewish cemetery. His son, Dr. Leo Baerwald became rabbi in Munich.


Dr. Siegmund Maybaum (1873-1881)
Born in Miskolc (Hungary), he received his theological and scientific learning in Breslau. First, he was a rabbi in Dolny Kubin and subsequently in Saaz until he was called to Berlin. In addition to his activities as a rabbi lectured since 1888 as an associate professor homiletics (learning about preaching) at the Jewish high school. His most famous writings are: Development of Israel‘s priests, the prophets of Israel and the Development of a Jewish Homiletic. His sermons were published in book form and he has taken a prominent meaning in Berlin and the Jewish community in Germany. He died in 1919 in Berlin.


Dr. Simon Stern (1891-1930)
Born in Nove Mesto nad Váhom (Slovakia), he studied at the Theological College in Bratislava and the University of Vienna. Here he was a pupil of the philosopher F. Bretan and Zimmerman. In 1880 he took over the leadership of the Israeli orphanage in Prague and in 1888 he became rabbi in Miroslav (Misslitz). In 1891 he was called to Saaz. He wrote several books in which he combines religion with individual optimal life, and also on the fight of the rabbis against the Talmud in the 17th century. Known for his treatise on Tolstoy and Zola in the Jewish Chronicle. He was also chairman of the Union of Rabbis in the Czech and member of the Jewish Supreme Council. He died on August 29 and was buried at the cemetery in Saaz.


Dr. Heinrich Schwenger (1931-1942)
He comes from Kejžlice near Humpolec, and graduated in Prague from high school and subsequently devoted himself to theological and philosophical studies at the University of Prague and the Israeli theological institute in Vienna, where he earned a Doctor of Philosophy and the degree of rabbi. Subsequently, he was rabbi also in Jindřichův Hradec (Neuhaus) and Břeclav (Lundenburg). His most famous works are „Cosmologia Maimonides“ and „Czech and Slavic explanations in the writings of the rabbis“. From August 1st, 1931, he was a rabbi in Saaz. He held his post to not exactly known date, but probably until 1937 .

Source: Ernst Mändl/ Heinrich Schwenger: Die Geschichte der Juden in Saaz [History of the Jews in Saaz], in: Hugo Gold (Hg.), Die Juden und Judengemeinden Böhmens in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart [Jews and Jewish Communities of Bohemia], Brno 1929-1934.